Cahuilla


desert.jpgShelter

The Cahuilla tribe has several different kinds of shelters. They made their shelter by sticking wooden poles in the ground in a line. Then they put ridge bended poles on top and more poles were slanted. Lastly, cover it with brush to make it dome shaped. That is their shelters.

Natural Resources

The Cahuilla tribe had some natural resources. Cactus, mesquite, and pinon nuts are some natural resources. They get water from springs in the canyons. Their natural resources are all there.

Culture

Basketry belonged to the women and had to weave very tightly. They often told a story of a Cahuilla women. She tried to save a baby in bubbling springs, but died trying to save the baby. Both sexes tattooed their foreheads with vertical and horizontal lines. The women also tattooed their chins and designate clan relationships. Tattoos were made by pricking the skin with a cactus thorn and a needle from the yucca plant. Charcoal from an yucca, cabbage, or juice from certain leaves, was rubbed into the open skin prick to make a blue black tattoo.

Clothing


Here is some clothing the Cahuilla wore. The Cahuilla often wore sandals. When it was warm, the whole tribe would ware a two-piece apron made up of woven tule, deerskin or fan palm leaves. They used deer hide and plant fibers for the soles and for the rest of the sandals yucca, palm fronds, or agave. They also used plant fibers for the soles, too. The girls often wore the bark from mesquite trees for skirts. The women made blankets and, in cold weather, capes from rabbit skin or deerskin witch was very soft. That is what the Cahuilla tribe wore.

Food

Food was hard to find in the Cahuilla tribe. Food was very scarce because large animals are hard to find and not much grows there. We have to travel to find food.My people travel to gather acorns each year.They usually are trying to find food. Pretty much the only food that they farmed in the Cahuilla tribe was corn, beans, squash, seeds, mesquite beans, pinion, acorns, cactus buds, chia, lizards, and rattle snakes. This is all they could find.

Economy

Each person in the village has his or her share of work. The women cooked , made baskets, and provided acorn meal. The men hunted, traded, and made string and rope from long grasses. The children gathered yucca plants, other plants necessary for their diets, and acorns. All food was shared and divided evenly. Trade was a very important in life to the Indian's way of life. The villages traded with one another. The Indians that lived on the coast would trade dried fish, shell beads, and sea otter skin with the Cahuilla villages. The Cahuilla would trade animal skins, acorns, salt, and obsidian in return. Pottery and agriculture were traded with tribes to the east.


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Mojave

Shelter

They built homes to protect them from the summer sun. They build open sided flat topped shelter made out of grass, wooden frames, and plant material so cool air can come in. In the winter they make walls of logs and arrow weeds to keep the cold out. In the summer the Mojave tribes huts have no walls.


Food
In the Mojave tribe they have a big selection of food. The Mojave tribe grows corn, beans, melons, and pumpkins in their rich soil. This tribe known as the Mojave didn't get all of their food from agriculture. The men fished out food to eat. They also hunted small animals such as rabbits, raccoons, and snakes. People gather in groups to find food. In the Mojave village, a granary platform is used to store food for the winter. The Mojave store their corn in huge granaries woven of unstriped arroweed branches. Corn was dried before storing.

Economy
The desert region made trading hard for the Mojave tribe. Mojave people trade berries, and nuts. They are known to travel all the way to the Pacific coast to trade.
Mojave traders sometimes ran most of the way.

Transportation
The Mojave tribe travel by walking one at a time to gather food. Sometimes they travel in groups, like moms caring babies, and all the men walked together.

Clothing
The Mojave tribe wear horse, cow, and buffalo hide. They also use otter, deer, bull, bear, and bird skin. Also the Mojave tribe make shields with wood, rock, straw, and animal parts.

Culture

War Ways:They were brave in battle. The Mojave tribe had war parties for the Indians that fought in the war. They fought with clubs, spears, and arrows.
Mojave people would follow their warrior spirit up to heaven saying prayers to the warriors that risked their lives to fight in battles.

Trading:Mojave tribe trades clay pots, food, and peaces to houses. Without trading they could not servive in the desert.



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