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Location, Climate, Vegetation and Natural Resources of the Different Regions in California

Note: We will not create pages on the southern coastal region as another school is reporting on the Chumash Indians.

Desert
Mountains
Central Valley
Northern Coast

The Four Regions of California: Coastal, Mountains, Valley, and Desert






Northern Coast


Yurok.JPGLocation

The Northern Coastal Region lies along the Pacific Coast. The California coast stretches for more than 800 miles.

Natural Resources

Natural resources along the coast are water, trees, and seafood. On the coast there are acorns, deer, and lots of other mammals such as elk.
There are thousands of species of insects and other invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, fish, birds, and mammals, including numerous rare and endangered species.

Climate

The Pacific Ocean affects the climate. The ocean keeps the coast warm in the winter and keeps it cool in the summer.
During the summer, some fog gathers near the coast creating a oceanic climate.
It is 48 - 52 degrees F. in the Winter ( 9 - 11 degrees C.)
California's Northern Coastal weather is mostly windy, rainy, and cold. It can also be sunny, hot and cloudy.
Most years there are about eighty inches of rain.

Vegetation

Shrubs have pure mixture of tasty vitamins that are edible.
From the lush redwood forests of the north to the wide, sandy beaches of the south,
Some vegetation is grass. The Northern Coast vegetation includes redwoods, oak, sage brush,pine trees, cedar, and numerous berry bushes.

Click here to learn about the tribes who lived along the Northern Coast of California: Yurok, Hupa, Miwok, Ohlone, and Pomo.

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Central Valley


Location
The Central Valley lies between the coast region, and the Sierra Nevada.

Natural Resources
The Central Valley has rich soil, oak trees, and large rivers.

Climate
The Central Valley is hot, dry, cool, damp, and can have a dense fog that comes from the Pacific Ocean.
On a summer day it is 90 degrees fahrenheit. The best time of year to gather food in preparation for the
winter is when the weather is damp/cool.

Vegetation
Grasses, bushes, and small trees are the main vegetation, or plant life, in these drier areas.
Oak trees, gray pine, nuts, sugar pine nuts, grasses, bushes, small trees,and they would use tulies to
make baskets and also. They make the ground into their meal. The main vegetation in the Central Valley


Click here to learn about the Native American Tribes of the Central Valley: Maidu and Yokuts.

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Mountains


Climate
The mountains of California are cold, rainy and, snowy.
They are very hot in the summer and warm and moist
in the fall and spring.

Vegetation
In the mountains there are many different types of vegetation, such as the giant sequoia, whose trunk can grow up too 80
feet around. There are lots of trees, bushes, and shrubs and they had lots of wood and leaves. There are lots of flowers. A lot of the flowers are endangered such as lupines and zauschneria. There are alpine trees, oak trees, riparian trees and coniferous trees.

Location
The Sierra Nevada mountains are located in the east of California.

Natural Resources
There are lots of natural resources in the mountains. Water is convenient for drinking.
Trees are special because it gives you air to breath. Rocks are natural resources and
you can make things with them.

Click here to learn about the tribes of the Mountains Region: the Sierra Miwoks and the Yokuts.


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Desert


Climate
In the desert region it can get up to 134 degrees F.
The desert gets less than 32 in. of rain per year. The climate in the desert region is hot and dry.It can be over 100 degrees on the ground which is very hot because the sun's ray's beat down on it directly overhead.By the way one inch of rain falls.

Vegetation:
Plants in the desert are sticky, smooth, prickly, poisonous, and dry. The reason why they feel like this is because that's how they defend themselves.


Natural Resources:
There are lots of natural resources in the desert. Also lots of animals that you never would believe that they are real. You couldn't find too much water there either.

Location
The desert region is in southern part of California.
It lays between the San Bernardino Mountains to the valleys of the San Jacinto and Santa Rosa Mountains.

Click here to learn about the tribes who lived in the Desert Region of California: the Cahuilla and the Mohave.


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